In 2018/19 budget year (as of 1 July 2018 to 30 June 2019)
- Construction/rehabilitation of 12 permanent armouries, 6 temporary armouries and 1 regional ammunition and weapons depot for national defence and security forces under construction.
- Capacity building carried out through 5 types of weapons and ammunition management (WAM) training, including the destruction of obsolete ammunition and depot management.
Since 2014, UNMAS has increased the safety of the population in at-risk areas and that of MINUSCA personnel from the risks posed by weapons, ammunition and explosive hazards:
- Destruction of 246,666 explosive items, 194 tons of commercial explosives and over 2.3 million items of ammunition.
- Destruction of 2,730 weapons collected by MINUSCA and 337 collected under DDR (all non-functional or obsolete).
- Construction/rehabilitation of 49 permanent armouries and 10 temporary armouries for the national defence and security forces.
- Capacity building through 6 specialised courses on WAM. A total of 333 members of national defence and security forces participated in these training, some of them attended more than one of the courses. Suspicious-package awareness training was given to 69 civil aviation personnel.
- Risk education sessions on explosive remnants of war (ERW) and small arms and light weapons (SALW) delivered to 575,860 beneficiaries.
Large quantities of weapons and obsolete ammunition circulate in the country. The weapon and ammunition storage conditions in the country are limited to non-existent and there is a lack of specific legislation for Weapons and Ammunition Management (WAM). This adds to the insecurity in the country. UNMAS first deployed to CAR in January 2014, following the passing of UN Security Council resolution 2149 (2014) which established the United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in the Central African Republic (MINUSCA) and called on UNMAS to address the illicit transfer, destabilizing accumulation, and misuse of small arms and light weapons. The resolution also called on UNMAS and the UN to ensure the safe and effective management and storage of stockpiles of surplus weapons and ammunition. The mandate was renewed in 2018 (Security Council resolution 2448 (2018)).
To support the delivery of MINUSCA WAM mandate, UNMAS delivers the following activities:
- Protection of Civilians: WAM helps prevent accidental explosions and looting that could lead to civilian casualties. UNMAS provides support through the provision of technical expertise to the national authorities in the development and the implementation of the WAM policies and best practices, including through its expertise in the safe storage of weapons and ammunition.
- Support to Restoration and Extension of State Authority (RESA) and to the NATCOM-SALW: UNMAS strengthens national capacities to enable the CAR authorities to independently manage weapons and ammunition for the long term, by building specialized infrastructure and building national capacity in the safe management and storage of weapons and ammunition through various trainings. UNMAS also provides technical assistance to the National Commission to fight against the Proliferation of Small Arms and Light Weapons (NATCOM-SALW) to enhance SALW controls and reduce the illicit flow of weapons.
- Support to the APPR, the RCPCA and the Arms embargo: UNMAS supports the national government in the implementation of the first pillar of the National Recovery and Peacebuilding Plan (RCPCA) and the Accord Politique pour la Paix et Réconciliation en RCA (APPR) through the provision of technical support to the national authorities in weapons and ammunition storage and management to support the deployment of defence and security forces, contributing to the restoration of peace, security and to national reconciliation. This support contributes directly to the improvement of security and living conditions of the Central African population. Lastly, UNMAS stands to support S/RES/2454 (2019) renewing the Arms Embargo and the mandate of the Panel of Experts assisting the CAR Sanctions Committee.
In addition to assessed funding as part of MINUSCA budget, UNMAS is grateful for a contribution from the European Union to extend specialized infrastructure construction activities and capacity building of the national defence forces in WAM.
Considering the priorities of national authorities, in terms of support the extension of state authority, national reconciliation, security and peacebuilding, UNMAS is seeking additional funds to support the deployment of defence and security forces, in providing needed specialized infrastructure and capacity building in WAM, as per the Central African National Defence Plan and the National Authorities Orientation document (2017), as well as the Global Plan for Resizing and Redeployment of the ISF (2018). Additionally, CAR would benefit from support for the operationalization of the NATCOM-SALW, as well as for activities towards sensitization and prevention of armed violence.
Updated: September 2019