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Central African Republic

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IMPACT


2020/21 financial year (1 July 2020 to 30 June 2021)

 

  • Construction and rehabilitation of 22 armouries/temporary storage kits for the national defence and security forces ongoing.

 

  • Capacity building through 2 training sessions related to weapons and ammunition management (WAM) for 10 members of the national defence and security forces.

 

  • 16 sensitization sessions included 8 ERW, Mine and 8 IED for the benefit of 238 MINUSCA force in Bouar to reinforce the capacity of MINUSCA to coordinate the response on the new EO threat in the country.


Since 2014:

 

  • Destruction of 246,666 explosive items, 194 tons of commercial explosives and over 2.3 million items of ammunition.

 

  • Destruction of 2,730 non-functional or obsolete weapons collected by MINUSCA and 337 collected under National Programme disarmament, demobilization and reintegration (DDR).

 

  • Construction/rehabilitation of 56 armouries and deployment of 8 temporary storage kits for the national defence and security forces.

 

  • Capacity building through 7 types of WAM training for a total of 402 [1], members of the national defence and security forces.

 

  • Discovery of suspicious package awareness sessions to 94 civil aviation personnel and airport security personnel.

 

  • Provision of risk education sessions on threats posed by explosive remnants of war (ERW) and small arms and light weapons (SALW) to 575,860 beneficiaries.

 


[1] This number represents the number of participants in all training, it should be noted that some members of the national defence and security forces participated in more than one training.

ABOUT

 

The illicit flow of weapons and ammunition undermines the stability and the rule of law in CAR, and slows down progress towards restoration and extension of state authority (RESA). The limited and sometimes inexistent weapons and ammunition storage facilities available to the national defence and security forces in some areas, the lack of specific legislation on WAM as well as the security situation threaten the lives of civilians and opportunities for development. UNMAS first deployed to CAR in January 2014 following the adoption of UN Security Council resolution 2149 (2014) which established the United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in the Central African Republic (MINUSCA). UNMAS supports the national authorities in their responsibility of: “addressing the illicit transfer, destabilising accumulation, and misuse of small arms and light weapons” and “to ensure the safe and effective management, storage and security of stockpiles of small arms and light weapons and the collection and/or destruction of surplus, seized, unmarked, or illicitly held weapons and ammunition”. The mandate was renewed in 2019 with UN Security Council resolution 2499.

 

ACTIVITIES


Protection of Civilians

The development of national capacity in WAM contributes to risk mitigation of theft, looting, access and use of weapons and ammunition outside the official duty; or accidents related to explosions of ammunition stored in poor conditions. In addition, the support provided by UNMAS towards the development of operational capacities of the national defence and security forces in the field of weapons and ammunition destruction, contributes to the reduction of their illicit circulation and improves security in CAR.


Support to RESA and to the NATCOM-SALW

UNMAS strengthens national capacities to enable the CAR authorities independently manage weapons and ammunition in the long term, by building infrastructure and providing various training specialized in WAM. UNMAS also provides technical expertise ans support to the National Commission for the Fight against the Proliferation of Small Arms and Light Weapons (NATCOM-SALW) in the implementation of the Nation Action Plan (NAP) to achieve better SALW control and reduce the illicit flow of weapons.


Support the implementation of the APPR, the RCPCA and the Arms embargo

UNMAS supports the national government in the implementation of the National Recovery and Peacebuilding Plan (RCPCA) and the Accord Politique pour la Paix et Réconciliation en RCA (APPR) through the provision of technical expertise on WAM to the national authorities, supporting the deployment of national defence and security forces, in addition to support the deployment of Special Mixed Security Units (USMS), carrying capacity building through the installation of specialized storage infrastructures as well as training. These activities contribute to the restoration of peace, security and to national reconciliation. Lastly, UNMAS supports the Sanctions Committee and the Panel of Experts in line with UN Security Council resolution 2536 (2020) on the Arms Embargo in CAR.

 

FUNDING

 

In addition to funding received from MINUSCA, UNMAS is grateful to its donors including the European Union as well as the Office of Weapons Removal and Abatement in the U.S. Department of State's Bureau of Political-Military Affairs (PM/WRA). The contributions of the latter supports the development of a national capacity for the destruction of obsolete ammunition within the FACA, contributing to the national disarmament initiative. Considering the national priorities, the RESA, national reconciliation, as well as security and peace consolidation initiatives, UNMAS continues to seek additional funds to support the deployment of defence and security forces, as per the Central African National Defence Plan and the National Authorities Orientation document (2017), as well as the Global Plan for Resizing and Redeployment of the ISF (2018). Additionally, CAR would benefit from additional support for the operationalization of the NATCOM-SALW, as well as sensitization activities and prevention of armed violence.

 

(Data updated: October 2020)