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Central African Republic

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IMPACT

2019/20 financial year (1 July 2019 to 30 June 2020)

  • Construction and rehabilitation of 12 armouries and 6 temporary storage kits for the national defence and security forces and 1 regional depot of ammunition in Bouar for the national defence forces.

 

  • Capacity building through 11 training sessions related to weapons and ammunition management (WAM) for 51 members of the national defence and security forces.

Since 2014:
  • Destruction of 246,666 explosive items, 194 tons of commercial explosives and over 2.3 million items of ammunition.
  • Destruction of 2,730 non-functional or obsolete weapons collected by MINUSCA and 337 collected under National Programme disarmament, demobilization and reintegration (DDR).
  • Construction/rehabilitation of 55 armouries and deployment of 8 temporary storage kits for the national defence and security forces.
  • Capacity building through 6 types of WAM training for a total of 369* members of the national defence and security forces.
  • Discovery of suspicious package awareness sessions to 94 civil aviation personnel and airport security personnel.
  • Provision of risk education sessions on threats posed by explosive remnants of war (ERW) and small arms and light weapons (SALW) to 575,860 beneficiaries.

 

*This number represents the number of participants in all training, it should be noted that some members of the national defence and security forces participated in more than one training.

ABOUT

 

The illicit flow of weapons and ammunition undermines the stability and the rule of law in CAR, and slows down progress towards restoration and extension of state authority (RESA). The limited and sometimes inexistent weapons and ammunition storage facilities available to the national defence and security forces in some areas, the lack of specific legislation on WAM as well as the security situation threaten the lives of civilians and opportunities for development. UNMAS first deployed to CAR in January 2014 following the adoption of UN Security Council resolution 2149 (2014), which established the United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in the Central African Republic (MINUSCA).

 

UNMAS supports the national authorities in their responsibility of “addressing the illicit transfer, destabilising accumulation, and misuse of small arms and light weapons” and “to ensure the safe and effective management, storage and security of stockpiles of small arms and light weapons and the collection and/or destruction of surplus, seized, unmarked, or illicitly held weapons and ammunition”. The mandate was last renewed in 2019 with UN Security Council resolution 2499.

ACTIVITIES

1. Protection of Civilians: The development of national capacity in WAM helps mitigate the potential risk of theft, looting, access and use of weapons and ammunition outside the official duty or accidents related to explosions of ammunition stored in poor conditions. In addition, the support provided by UNMAS towards the development of operational capacities of the national defence and security forces in the field of weapons and ammunition destruction, contributes to the reduction of their illicit circulation and improves security in CAR.

 

2. Support to RESA and to the NATCOM-SALW: UNMAS strengthens national capacities to enable the CAR authorities to independently manage weapons and ammunition in the long term, by building infrastructure and providing various training specialized in WAM. UNMAS also provides close technical assistance to the National Commission for the Fight against the Proliferation of Small Arms and Light Weapons (NATCOM-SALW) in the implementation of the Nation Action Plan (NAP) to achieve better SALW control and reduce the illicit flow of weapons.

 

3. Support the implementation of the APPR, the RCPCA and the Arms embargo: UNMAS supports the national government in the implementation of the National Recovery and Peacebuilding Plan (RCPCA) and the Accord Politique pour la Paix et Réconciliation en RCA (APPR) through the provision of technical expertise on WAM to the national authorities, supporting the deployment of defence and security forces, contributing to the restoration of peace, security and to national reconciliation. Lastly, UNMAS supports the Sanctions Committee and the Panel of Experts in line with UN Security Council resolution 2507 (2020) on the Arms Embargo in CAR.                       

 

FUNDING

In addition to funding received from MINUSCA, UNMAS is grateful to the European Union, which contributed to extend the WAM capacity of the Central African Armed Forces (FACA) by providing specialized storage infrastructures and relevant training. The Programme is also thanking the Office of Weapons Removal and Abatement in the U.S. Department of State's Bureau of Political-Military Affairs (PM/WRA). Their contribution supports the development of national capacity in obsolete ammunition destruction within the FACA, contributing to the national disarmament initiative.

 

Considering the national priorities, the RESA, national reconciliation, as well as security and peace consolidation initiatives, UNMAS continues to seek additional funds to support the deployment of defence and security forces, as per the Central African National Defence Plan and the National Authorities Orientation document (2017), as well as the Global Plan for Resizing and Redeployment of the ISF (2018). Additionally, CAR would benefit from additional support for the operationalization of the NATCOM-SALW, as well as sensitization activities and prevention of armed violence.

 

Updated: 13 April 2020