Mandated by the General Assembly as the coordinator for mine action in the United Nations system, UNMAS ensures coherence and effective responses including on mitigation of the threat from Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs). This entails providing expert advice, training and guidance to the UN system as well as affected states.
Drawing on more than 20 years of experience, UNMAS strengthens capacities in IED awareness, risk education, detection, mitigation, disposal, site investigation and victim assistance. Providing advice and assistance to national authorities, UNMAS supports the effective management and coordination of IED Threat Mitigation policies and procedures. Through training and mentoring, UNMAS assists civilians as well as Peacekeeping Explosive Ordnance Disposal (EOD) and IED Disposal teams to operate safely, effectively and efficiently. UNMAS carries out threat assessments and emergency IED clearance to support national and United Nations' responses to the threat. Furthermore, UNMAS provides expert advice on innovation, new technologies and specialized equipment.
The Report of the Secretary-General on Countering the threat posed by Improvised Explosive Devices (A/71/187) reflects the effective roles UNMAS plays in IED Threat Mitigation. In resolution A/RES/71/72, Member States welcomed the Report of the Secretary-General and took note of the Report’s recommendations.
UNMAS initiatives to date include:
- Development and issuance of DPKO/DFS Guidelines on IED Threat Mitigation in Mission Settings;
- Coordination of the development of United Nations Improvised Explosive Device Disposal (IEDD) Standards;
- Establishment of an online IED Hub;
- Publication of an IED Lexicon - available in English, French and Arabic - the first of its kind for civilian use;
- Training of thousands of peacekeepers and UN personnel (uniformed and civilian), national security forces, humanitarian workers and civilians in IED recognition, reporting and awareness;
- Inclusion of the threats posed by IEDs in Landmine and Explosive Remnants of War Safety Handbook and mobile apps [iTunes] [Google Play];
- Partnerships through cooperation and expertise-sharing with African Union for development of capacity;
- Issuance of updated United Nations Policy on Victim Assistance to take into account IED-related victims.
 General Assembly Resolution on Assistance and Mine Action (A/72/75)