From 1 January to 30 September 2021:
Removed 1,203 explosive remnants of war (ERW), 4,092 improvised explosive devices (IED) including 1,507 victim operated improvised explosive devices (VOIED) in retaken areas.
Conducted 40 clearance tasks enabling rehabilitation and resumption of livelihood activities, and humanitarian actors to move forward with urgent lifesaving interventions.
86 police officers, including 36 women trained as First Response to be able to identify, mark and report explosive ordnance, 140 Government, NGO, and UN security personnel, including 48 women trained in Safe and Secure Approaches in Field Environments (SSAFE), 24 police officers trained in explosive ordnance disposal (EOD), and 117 government officials including 16 women trained in humanitarian mine action management.
2,329 cash-for-work employees and 799 governmental personnel trained to recognize and behave safely in the presence of explosive ordnance while working in high-risk environments.
96,575 people received explosive ordnance risk education (EORE) and risk awareness training in schools, internally displaced person (IDP) camps, and other high priority areas.
Iraq is one of the most explosive ordnance-contaminated countries in the world. It has approximately 2,850 square kilometers of recorded contaminated areas, including extensive and complex contamination in areas retaken from the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL).
Across Iraq, 27 percent of explosive ordnance contamination is found in agricultural areas - preventing productive use of the land for livelihood activities; another 21 percent is found in infrastructure - hampering reconstruction efforts and access to infrastructure for services and economic opportunities; with an additional 20 percent found in roads - challenging interconnectivity in the country.
Continued clearance of residential and agricultural areas is an important contributor to the conditions for sustainable returns and development and supports broader humanitarian objectives.
The UNMAS Iraq Programme takes a programmatic approach to the assistance provided to the Government of Iraq in leading and coordinating a national mine action response supported by multi-donor contributions. As per its programme strategy 2020-2023, UNMAS Iraq provides support in an advisory and technical capacity to the Iraqi national authorities and national operators to lead, manage and implement the national mine action response. Until the end of 2022, UNMAS Iraq will carry out limited clearance and risk reduction activities in line with priorities determined with the Government of Iraq to assist those impacted by explosive ordnance and thus enable socio-economic development. The UNMAS Iraq strategy is guided by the principles of partnership, sustainability, nationalization, and gender mainstreaming.
UNMAS supports the Government of Iraq to protect civilians impacted by explosive ordnance and to enable humanitarian action and socio-economic development through three pillars of work:
The Government of Iraq effectively prioritizes tasks implemented increasingly by national actors: UNMAS supports a nationally led and implemented mine action response. Building on existing capacities, UNMAS provides technical advice to the Government of Iraq in various ministries, mine action authorities, Ministry of Interior (police and civil defense), and government operations coordination centers to support the management, regulation, and coordination of response to explosive ordnance. Furthermore, UNMAS promotes the development of sustainable capacity for national operators towards fully nationalizing humanitarian mine action activities in Iraq.
Explosive Ordnance Risk Education
People at risk recognize how to mitigate the threat of explosive ordnance: The provision of EORE to IDPs returning home, returnees, and affected communities will enable populations to recognize how to mitigate the explosive threat and adopt safer behaviors. This, in turn, will assist people in feeling safer when the number of explosive ordnance incidents is reduced.
Explosive Hazard Management
Safe access to restore or facilitate use of contaminated land and infrastructure is enabled: The delivery and management of explosive hazard management, inclusive of survey and clearance, in areas of high priorities will enable the restoration of safe access and use of land and infrastructure. This will, in turn, support the safe, dignified, voluntary, and sustainable return of IDPs to their areas of origin as well facilitate socio-economic development activities.
UNMAS in Iraq is solely funded bilaterally through contributions to the UN Voluntary Trust Fund. For the 2022 year, there remains to be a shortfall of USD 12 million. To date, UNMAS in Iraq has received contributions from Australia, Belgium, Canada, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, the European Union, Finland, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Luxembourg, New Zealand (including in-kind support), the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Republic of Korea, Slovakia, Sweden (including in-kind support), and the United Kingdom.
UNMAS is making consistent efforts to raise additional funds to respond to the needs for technical support, explosive ordnance risk education, and survey and clearance, to better support the humanitarian response.
Data as of September 2021