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Somalia

IMPACT


Financial year 2020/21:

 

  • Over 160 troops from the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) received tailored training in line with their functions. UNMAS carried out 79 pre-deployment briefings, 79 post deployment briefings for mobility operations and facilitated movement of 79 AMISOM convoys.

 

  • In support of stabilization efforts, UNMAS identified 25 locations contaminated by explosive hazards and destroyed 463 remnants of war (35 UXOs,139 SAA, 289 FFE) and 2 landmines in various areas. UNMAS also verified and released 1.4 km² of land and assessed 1,504 km of road.

 

  • UNMAS carried out 77 village assessments and 88 road assessments along main supply routes in support of AMISOM operations in liberated areas.

 

  • Risk education reached 13,876 people of which 39% of the beneficiaries were children.

 

  • UNMAS distributed 10,283 risk education leaflets.

 

  • Explosive detection dog (EDD) teams verified 64,650 vehicles, 24,252 pieces of luggage, 258 buildings, 665,217 building area and covered a total of 9.4 km² of land.


Since 2016:

 

  • With UNMAS support, the Somali Police Forces (SPF), AMISOM and non-governmental organizations destroyed 17,639 ERW items and 657 improvised explosive devices (IEDs).

 

  • More than 49 km² cleared from hazards and 109 landmines destroyed (88 AP and 21 AT).

 

  • Over 18,400 weapons were marked and registered while 221 unsafe weapons were destroyed.

 

  • Over 807 SPF recruits from various locations received IED awareness training while 1,294 specialized personnel from the SPF received training in explosive ordnance disposal (EOD), IED threat mitigation and in other topics linked to security.

 

  • 241 Somalis were trained in manual demining along the Somali border with Ethiopia.

 

ABOUT

 

Years of armed conflict in Somalia has resulted in widespread contamination with ERW and landmines, proliferation of small arms and light weapons and a steady rise in the use of IEDs.

 

Mandated by UNSCR UNSCR 2461 (2019) and 2498 (2019), UNMAS is an integrated component of the United Nations Assistance Mission in Somalia (UNSOM), which provides strategic policy and technical advice to the Federal Government of Somalia and the Somali Security Forces.

 

Further mandated by UNSCR 2472 (2019), UNMAS is a component of the United Nations Support Office in Somalia (UNSOS), which provides logistical support to AMISOM. Moreover, UNMAS has special status in the United Nations Country Team for coordinating humanitarian mine action activities in Somalia under the umbrella of the Global Protection Cluster.

 

 

ACTIVITIES


Support to AMISOM:

As a component of UNSOS, UNMAS provides explosive threat mitigation support to AMISOM troops from Burundi, Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya and Uganda. To mitigate explosive threats against AMISOM personnel and assets, UNMAS trains and mentors troops in EOD and IED threat mitigation, advices on operational planning processes, use of specialized equipment and services, including EDDs, with the aim to enhance force protection and mobility.


Support to Somali Security Forces:

As a component of UNSOM, UNMAS provides advice, training and equipment to the Somali Police to develop its bomb disposal capabilities across Somalia. Enhancing such capabilities remains crucial, especially with regards to the critical lead-up to the presidential election in 2020 and the gradual handing over of security responsibilities from AMISOM to the Somali Security Forces. UNMAS is also supporting the Government in weapons and ammunition management in line with sanctions obligations under the partial lifting of the arms embargo.


Humanitarian Mine Action:

UNMAS supports the protection of civilians in contaminated areas by coordinating humanitarian mine action activities such as survey, clearance and risk education. Since 2015, UNMAS has supported the development of civilian-led clearance efforts along the Somali border with Ethiopia.

 

FUNDING

 

UNMAS is seeking additional resources to further develop the capabilities of the Somali Security Forces, to support the weapons and ammunition management sector, as well as to implement stabilisation and humanitarian mine action activities.

 

(Data updated: October 2020)