- Since August 2018, UNMAS conducted Explosive Ordnance Awareness (EOA) sessions for 209 humanitarian workers and 491 UN staff members. Since January 2019, UNMAS also delivered Explosive Ordnance Risk Education (EORE) sessions for 36,422 beneficiaries with the aim of raising awareness on explosive hazards and enable beneficiaries to adopt safe behaviors in their presence. In order to sustain the diffusion of RE messaging, UNMAS conducted a training of trainers for 14 volunteers of a civil society organization.
- UNMAS also conducted 8 Non-Technical Surveys (NTS) in Bama, Ngala, Nganzai and Monguno. Following those NTS, 5 confirmed hazardous areas were identified, marked and referred to relevant authorities for clearance. Those NTS facilitated access to safe lands designated for the extension of Internally Displaced Persons (IDP) camps.
- As part of its initiative to strengthen national explosive hazards management capacities, UNMAS provided a First Responder training to 68 national security forces personnel. This “First Responder” training package aims at building local capacities to mitigate the risk of further injuries or death and attenuate the effect of explosive-related incidents. UNMAS also provided first aid and emergency trauma bag training to 28 Nigeria Police Force personnel in order to reinforce their capacity to assist civilians and colleagues affected by explosive-related incidents.
- In line with the Humanitarian Needs Overview and Humanitarian Response Plan, the Mine Action Sub-Sector, under Protection sector has identified 1.5 million people in need for life-saving assistance with a focus on Physical and Mental Well-Being. In 2020, the dedicated Mine Action Sub-Sector will target 632,000 individuals from all genders and age to facilitate with decisive life-saving risk education, mapping and marking of hazardous areas, development of community-owned protection and resilience mechanisms and identification of survivors and affected communities in 17 LGAs across the BAY States under the first Protection Sector Objective of enhancing civilians' protection from harm and respond to specific needs and risks with timely and comprehensive protection services. UNMAS continues to lead and maintain the tempo of the Mine Action Sub-Working Group and of the Mine Action Technical Working Group.
- A comprehensive data collection and management system (IMSMA) has been developed to collect, consolidate and analyze all available mine action related data and inform the humanitarian response. NTS tasks have been undertaken in several places in order to assess the actual contamination.
- In light of the current novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) global pandemic COVID-19, UNMAS had temporarily suspended operations since 23 March 2020. The first case in Borno state was confirmed on 19 April 2020. As of 30 April 2020, most of the states including Borno were on lockdown with 1,728 cases including 51 deaths reported in Nigeria. UNMAS Nigeria has been engaged in processes to develop a COVID-19 addendum to the HRP 2020. Mine Action partners in Nigeria, have decreased the attendance to EORE sessions from 20 to 10 participants to maintain social distancing. During EORE sessions, beneficiaries ask a lot of questions about how they can protect against COVID-19. Thanks to messages prepared by WHO and UNICEF, the Community Liaison Teams are in a position to deliver simple preventative messaging. Mine Action partners are working on radio messaging in order to mitigate the decrease of direct beneficiaries.
In 2020, and after ten years of violent conflict, explosive devices continue to put millions of people at risk of death and injuries in Adamawa, Borno and Yobe. From January 2019 to 30 April 2020, 745 civilian and non- civilian fatalities and casualties have been recorded. The presence of the explosive devices does not only endanger the lives of the population and hampers the return to normal life, but also hampers humanitarian access and recovery efforts.
UNMAS deployed in Maiduguri, Northeast Nigeria, in July 2018, at the request of the Resident / Humanitarian Coordinator with the aim to:
- Provide technical assistance including coordination, planning, technical advice and support to the UN and Humanitarian Country Teams, affected population, national authorities and act as the coordinator for all UN mine action-related matters in the Northeast;
- Plan for the wide-scale delivery of emergency risk reduction, survey, and clearance operations as part of the Humanitarian Response Plan.
- RISK AWARENESS - ONGOING
UNMAS delivers EORE to the affected population, including IDPs, host communities, returnees and refugees, as well as EOA training to UN personnel and the humanitarian community. Awareness material and radio messages are designed to the specific context of Northeast Nigeria. In addition to traditional EORE, UNMAS is currently developing billboards and short movies to sensitize the population on the risks posed by explosive hazards. UNMAS has conducted preliminary studies towards a possible innovative approach to launch a Risk Education Technical Device (RETD) to disseminate EORE message to hard-to-reach and inaccessible at-risk population in BAY states. RETD application might be used to deliver EORE messages compounded with basic COVID-19 prevention awareness messages.
- SURVEY AND MARKING – PLANNED AND ONGOING
In order to inform the planning of immediate and future mine action, it is necessary to pursue efforts to gain information on the nature and extent of contamination. As a mitigation measure, UNMAS plans to conduct NTS in temporary accessible areas and in areas frequented by IDPs and host community members for socio-economic activities (e.g. firewood collection, land cultivation). UNMAS has conducted NTS that was used for expansion and building of new IOM managed IDP camps.
- NATIONAL CAPACITY DEVELOPMENT - ONGOING
The Nigerian Police Force Explosive Ordnance Disposal (EOD) teams are currently working in Maiduguri and in a limited number of towns only; however, it is expected that State institutions will redeploy in Borno’s secured areas, including police forces who will resume the responsibility of protecting civilians. UNMAS will launch a training initiative to reinforce the national capacity of Nigeria Police Force and the Nigeria Security and Civil Defence Corps to protect civilian populations against explosive ordnance in BAY states. UNMAS also delivers first responder courses to the Nigeria Security and Civil Defence Corps and the Nigeria Police Force.
UNMAS was able to deploy to Nigeria and to establish a programme thanks to financial contributions from the Governments of Denmark, the Netherlands, South Korea, Japan and Germany, as well as in-kind contributions of the Swedish Civil Contingencies Agency.
UNMAS yearly financial requirement to implement a comprehensive mine action programme is estimated to USD 4.5 million and is reflected in the 2020 Humanitarian Response Plan for Nigeria. A detailed programmatic concept note is available on request.
Updated: 30 April 2020